考点一：可数名词 & 不可数名词
★可数名词有单数和复数两种形式，可数名词复数形式分规则变化和不规则变化。不规则变化的名词复数形式需专门记忆，常见的有man→men, woman→women, child→children, tooth→teeth, mouse→mice, foot→feet等。还有一些单复数同形的名词，如fish, sheep, chinese, japanese等。
(1)由man构成的表示某国人复数的变化形式：englishman→englishmen, frenchman→frenchmen, german→germans。
(2)名词修饰名词时，若前面的名词是man和woman，变复数时，两个名词同时变为复数形式(如a woman teacher→two women teachers)；如果是其他名词，变复数时，只需把后面的名词变为复数形式(如a girl student→two girl students)。
(3)由“数词+连字符+名词(+连字符+形容词)”构成的合成形容词作定语时，该名词用单数形式，如two-day holiday(=two days' holiday)，也可以表示为two day(s) holiday，但在中考选择题中优先选择前两种表达形式。
★不可数名词没有单、复数形式的变化。但若要表示不可数名词的量，通常可用相应的单位词，如piece, cup, bowl, bottle等，复数形式常体现在单位词上，如two bottles of yogurt。
这类名词需在句中根据语法及句意判断是可数还是不可数，如glass(玻璃)→a glass(玻璃杯)，chicken(鸡肉) →a chicken(小鸡)，orange(橙汁) →an orange(橙子)。
( )1. —mom, please give me two ______. i want to make vegetable salad.
—ok. here you are.
a. tomato b. tomatoes c. tomatos
( )2. there are a lot of ______ on the grassland. ______ sheep-dog is sitting next to them.
a. sheep; the b. sheep; a c. sheeps; the d. sheeps; a
( )3. many ______ are playing an active part in making kunming a civilized city (文明城市).
a. man b. woman c. volunteer d. volunteers
( )4. the broken ______ may cut into your hand if you touch it. you should be careful.
a. glass b. glasses c. candle d. candles
( )5. —are you thirsty?
—yes, please give us ______.
a. three bottle water b. three bottle of water c. three bottles of water d. three bottles of waters
( )6. i went to the hospital yesterday. i found a few ______ there.
a. man nurses b. men nurse c. men nurses
( )7. i can give you lots of ______ on how to improve your speaking skills.
a. advice b. way c. idea
( )8. we all expect the ______ summer holiday after the exam.
a. two month b. two-month c. two-months d. two months
( )9. —i went from a school desk to a ship in my teens.
—______ days would you be at sea? homesick?
a. how long b. how many c. how much d. how soon
1. many _______(hero) have set good examples for us to follow.
2. my parents are _______(german), but they need to live and work in england.
3. look! so many _______(girl) students are enjoying themselves on the playground.
4. would you like to eat some _______(orange) or drink some _______(orange) juice?
5. how much _______(sugar) did you put in your coffee?
6. this supermarket has 700 free parking _______(space). but now there is no _______(space) for the car.
7. we have a 7-_______(day) holiday. we want to stay at home to relax.
( )1. —what's your ______ to english learning, lin tao?
—i think watching english movies is helpful.
a. place b. age c. time d. secret
( )2. —the dishes in this restaurant must be very expensive.
—don't worry. you can enjoy yourself. it's my ______.
a. time b. treat c. task d. taste
( )3. we believe one belt, one road (一带一路) will help china improve the ______ with lots of countries.
a. relationship b. situation c. environment
( )4. —it's his new book, but i think it is more interesting than his other books.
—i agree with you. his latest book is up to his highest ______.
a. choice b. standard c. purpose d. wealth
2. 用and连接两个并列名词，如果表示两者共同拥有，只在第二个名词后加's 即可；如果表示两者各自拥有，则每个名词后都加's。
3. 表示时间、距离、价格、国家、城市等无生命的事物的名词，可在词尾加's 或' 来构成所有格(如yesterday's newspaper, five kilometers' distance, america's flag)。其他表示无生命的事物的名词，一般用“of+名词”来表示，作后置定语(如the face of a clock)。
( )1. “it depends on my ______ decision,” the mother said and looked at her two sons.
a. children b. children's c. child d. child's
( )2. —how far is your home from the train station?
—it's about 20 ______ walk.
a. minute b. minutes c. minute's d. minutes'
( )3. ______ mother works in st. mary's hospital.
a. jim and bob b. jim's and bob's c. jim and bob's
( )4. the online shop sells ______ shoes at a very low price.
a. child and men's b. children and men's c. children's and men d. children's and men's
1. the _______ faces were a sight, covered with dust. (boy)
2. _____(teacher) day is coming. i will get my chinese, math, english _______(teacher) some flowers.
3. this is _______(tom and jack) bedroom. it's tidy and nice.
4. _______(lucy and lily) mothers didn't come to this meeting, because they had an more important meeting.
5. the station is about two _______(hour) walk from my home.
责编 | 杨宁
审稿 | 李栋
校稿 | 吕放
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